Honda 1.8L R18A/R18Z Engine: Specs, Problems, Reliability. The R18A is a member of the Honda R-series. It involved change the D17 of the previous D engine family. This new 1.8-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine was launched with the 8G Civic in 2006.
The engine has an aluminum high-rigidity cylinder block with new lower block construction. Inside the engine block, there are forged high-strength cracked connecting rods, a new high-rigidity precision-balanced crankshaft, low-friction pistons with molybdenum disulfide applied in a polka-dot pattern, and piston cooling jets that cool the pistons with oil. The engine is equipped with a silent and narrow timing chain. The D-series had a timing belt as opposed to a chain. In addition to the 1.8 L R18, there is a 16-valve SOHC aluminum cylinder head.
The new head features four valves per cylinder (two intake and two exhaust valves), aluminum rocker arms, one chain-driven camshaft, and Honda’s i-VTEC system. Honda i-VTEC is intelligent variable valve timing and electronic lift control system that is engaged at 3,500 rpm.
The main purpose of that system is to deliver high fuel efficiency alongside max performance. The R18 doesn’t have hydraulic tappets (checking and adjusting valve clearance is needed every 25,000 miles or 40,000 km). The valve clearance for intake valves is 0.18-0.22 mm, for exhaust – 0.23-0.27 mm. The intake valve diameter is 32 mm, the exhaust – 26 mm. The valve stem diameter is 5.5 mm.
The intake system features a variable-length intake manifold made from plastic and electronically controlled throttle body – Honda’s DBW (Drive By Wire) system. The exhaust employs a 2-bed (2-stage) catalytic converter positioned right away after the exhaust manifold. Thanks to these improvements, the R18 engine is rated at California Air Resources Board (CARB) ULEV-2 (Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle). The i-VTEC system allows it to operate as a 2.0-liter engine when required, and simultaneously, also delivers the fuel economy of a 1.5-liter engine.
In 2012, the R18A was substituted by a modified version – the R18Z. It features an increased compression ratio of 10.6:1, i-VTEC system, which could disable four intake valves at low rpm, and new settings for the variable intake manifold. The R18 also formed the basis of the 2.0 L R20A engine.
R18A, R18Z Engine Problems and Reliability
- Taking sound. Usually, the Evap canister purge valve produces that sound. This is normal for the R18. Maybe also it’s time to adjust the valve clearances.
- The tensioner pulley of an accessory drive belt can produce some noise. Its lifespan is rarely more than 60,000 miles (100,000 km).
- Vibrations. If your engine is cold, some vibrations are ok. But if that continues regularly, check the left engine mount.
Using the recommended engine oil is crucial. That will keep the i-VTEC system fit for a very long time. The longevity of R18 has to do with 180,000 miles (300,000 km).
- R18A1 – 141 hp (104 kW) at 6,300 rpm, 128 lb-ft (174 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. Application: Honda Civic, Honda FR-V, Honda City, and Honda Stream.
- R18A2 – 140 hp (103 kW) at 6,300 rpm, 128 lb-ft (174 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. This engine was used in the European Honda Civic.
- R18Z1 – 141 hp (104 kW) at 6,500 rpm, 128 lb-ft (174 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. The engine has a 10.6:1 compression ratio. You can find this engine in the ninth generation Honda Civic.
- R18Z4. The engine has the same level of performance and compression ratio of 10.6:1. It was used in the 9th Honda Civic available on the European market.
- R18Z6 – R18Z1 adaptation for the Honda Jade model.
- R18Z9 – the same R18Z1 engine for Honda HR-V.
Honda 1.8L R18A/R18Z Engine: Specs
|Manufacturer||Honda Motor Company|
|Production years||2006-present day|
|Cylinder block material||Aluminum|
|Cylinder head material||Aluminum|
|Fuel system||Multi-port fuel injection|
|Number of cylinders||4|
|Valves per cylinder||4|
|Bore, mm||81.0 mm (3.19 in)|
|Stroke, mm||87.3 mm (3.44 in)|
|Displacement, cc||1,799 cc (109.8 cu in)|
|Type of internal combustion engine||Four-stroke, naturally aspirated|
|Compression Ratio||10.5:1 – R18A
10.6:1 – R18Z
|Power, hp||140-141 hp (103-104kW) / 6,300-6,500|
|Torque, lb ft||128 lb-ft (174 Nm) / 4,300|
|Engine weight||223 lbs (101 kg)|
|Engine oil weight||0W-20, 5W-20, 0W-30, 5W-30|
|Engine oil capacity, liter||3.7 l (4.0 qt)|
|Oil change interval, mile||6,000 (10,000 km) or 12 month|
|Applications||Honda Civic, Honda City, Honda Stream, Honda FR-V, Honda HR-V, Honda Jade|