Toyota 1VD-FTV 4.5L V8 D Engine Specs, Problems, Reliability. Toyota began the production of its very first in the history V8 diesel engine in 2007. The 1VD is a 4.5-liter V8 diesel engine with a single turbocharger or twin turbochargers depends on a vehicle design (Toyota Land Cruiser 200 and Lexus LX450d, 70-Series LandCruiser). The new turbodiesel changed the previous Toyota’s diesel power unit – the 1HD-FTE engine.
The 1VD-FTV cylinder block is made from nodular graphite cast iron. It has a 90-degree V shape, and cylinder banks have a 22.0 mm balanced out. There is a forged steel crankshaft with seven balance weights on five journals inside the engine block. The bottom end also includes the high-strength steel connecting rods and aluminum alloy pistons with combustion chambers in the piston crown. The 1VD cylinder block has oil jets at the bottom of the cylinder bores which spraying engine oil on the underside of the pistons for much better cooling and lubrication.
The cylinder heads are made from aluminum alloy. Each head has intake and exhaust camshafts (DOHC), 16-valve or 4 valves per cylinder (32 valves overall). The engine uses the mix of a web cam equipment and timing chain for camshafts rotation. The intake camshafts are driven by a timing chain, while the exhaust camshafts are driven by a gear connected to the consumption camshaft.
Toyota 1VD-FTV 4.5L V8 D Engine Specs, Problems, Reliability
The consumption duration is 199 degrees, and exhaust duration is 233 degrees. Roller rocker arms activate the valves. The valvetrain is geared up with the hydraulic tappets/lash adjusters which enable preserving the necessary clearance in between the rocker arm and valve stem. The consumption valve size is a 30.1 mm; the exhaust valve diameter is a 27.0 mm. The valve stem diameter of the consumption and exhaust valve is the similar – 6 mm.
The twin-turbocharger versions for the 200-Series LandCruiser are geared up with 2 low-inertia RHV4 turbochargers (IHI VB36 and VB37). The version for the 70-Series LandCruiser has a single turbocharger Garrett GTA2359V. The 1VD-FTV includes an air-to-air intercooler which is installed on top of the engine. The fuel system is contemporary. There is common rail D-4D direct injection, nine-hole fuel injectors, and Denso HP4 type fuel supply pump. Obviously, the engine has the radiance plugs (they are located in between the intake valves).
Achieving high emission standards, engineers geared up the engine with the water-cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system and an oxidation catalytic converter. Vehicles with the 1VD-FTV engine for some markets have the diesel particulate filter (DPF).
Toyota 1VD-FTV 4.5L V8 D Engine Problems and Reliability
There are not many issues and common problems with the 1VD engine. It has reliable and durable cast iron cylinder block. Early engines (until 2010) have a potential problem with high oil consumption. The reason for that is a failed air pump. The upgraded version of the air pump never caused any problems. The engine doesn’t like prolonged operation at high revs. Try to prevent such driving modes. Like a modern engine, the 1VD-FTV needs the premium engine oil and fuel. The fuel filter is very delicate, and a bad fuel will destroy it after a few thousand miles.
With appropriate upkeep and qualitative oil and fuel, the engine life of the 1VD engine has to do with 250,000-300,000 miles. The 1VD-FTV longevity is only slightly inferior to its predecessors.
Toyota 1VD-FTV 4.5L V8 D Engine Specs
|Manufacturer||Toyota Motor Corporation|
|Production years||2007-present day|
|Cylinder block material||Cast Iron|
|Cylinder head material||Aluminum|
|Fuel system||Common rail direct injection|
|Number of cylinders||8|
|Valves per cylinder||4|
|Bore, mm||86.0 mm (3.39 in)|
|Stroke, mm||96.0 mm (3.78 in)|
|Displacement, cc||4,461 cc (272 cu in)|
|Type of internal combustion engine||Four-stroke, turbocharged|
|Power, hp||202 hp (151 kW)/3,400 – Single turbo
268 hp (200 kW)/3,400 – Twin turbo
|Torque, lb ft||317 lb-ft (430 Nm)/1,200-3,200 – Single turbo
479 lb ft (650 Nm)/1,600-2,600 – Twin turbo
|Engine weight||820 lbs (372 kg)|
|Engine oil weight||5W-30|
|Engine oil capacity, liter||9.2 (1.0 – oil filter)|
|Oil change interval, mile||10,000 (15,000 km) /12 month|
|Applications||Toyota Land Cruiser 200, Toyota Land Cruiser 70, Lexus LX450d|